Castel Volturno, 18 September 2008. Around 9 p.m., a car arrives near the Ob ob ob exotic fashion tailor’s shop, which is located along the Domiziana state road. A group of men armed with two Kalashnikovs, a machine gun and four 9-gauge rifles descend. They wear Carabinieri vests and simulate a document check. Immediately afterwards, the shots are fired in and out of the store and the insults against the “dirty black bastards”. It’s a massacre. About 130 shots are fired at seven young immigrants. The next day, about two hundred migrants organize a solidarity procession and block the Domitian road for three hours. They are angry; they overturn a few dumpsters and damage the windows of some shops. The State “responds” to the protest by sending 400 soldiers, Carabinieri and police officers, and by announcing measures to facilitate the rapid expulsion of immigrants. However, the investigation continues until the arrest of those responsible for the shooting: the charges are of massacre for terrorist purposes aggravated by “racial hatred”, murder and attempted murder. The long trial ends, for the first time in our country, with a final sentence for a “Camorra massacre”, which recognizes the aggravating circumstance of racism. The contribution examines the reasons given by the judges of the Supreme Court.